fastread homefastrread library fastread menu

C : Check Whether a Character is Vowel or Consonant

Tutorial by:Manisha Dubey      Date: 2016-06-17 03:07:18

❰ Previous Next ❱

In this example, if...else statement is used to check whether an alphabet entered by the user is a vowel or a constant.

The five alphabets A, E, I, O and U are called vowels. All other alphabets except these 5 vowel letters are called consonants.

This program assumes that the user will always enter an alphabet character.

Example #1: Program to Check Vowel or consonant

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    char c
    int isLowercaseVowel, isUppercaseVowel;

    printf("Enter an alphabet: ");
    scanf("%c",&c);

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is a lowercase vowel
    isLowercaseVowel = (c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u');

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is an uppercase vowel
    isUppercaseVowel = (c == 'A' || c == 'E' || c == 'I' || c == 'O' || c == 'U');

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if either isLowercaseVowel or isUppercaseVowel is true
    if (isLowercaseVowel || isUppercaseVowel)
        printf("%c is a vowel.",c);
    else
        printf("%c is a consonant.",c);
    return 0;
}

Output

Enter an alphabet: G
G is a consonant.

The character entered by the user is stored in variable c.

 

 
 

The isLowerCaseVowel evaluates to 1 (true) if c is a lowercase vowel and 0 (false) for any other character. Similarly, isUpperCaseVowel evaluates to 1(true) if c is an uppercase vowel and 0 (false) for any other character.

If both isLowercaseVowel and isUppercaseVowel is equal to 0, the test expression evaluates to 0 (false) and the entered character is a consonant. However, if either isLowercaseVowel or isUppercaseVowel is 1 (true), the test expression evaluates to 1 (true) and the entered character is a vowel.

The program above assumes that the user always enters an alphabet. If the user enters any other character other than an alphabet, the program will not work as intended.

Example #2: Program to Check Vowel or consonant

The program below asks the user to enter a character until the user enters an alphabet. Then, the program checks whether it is a vowel or a consonant.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>

int main()
{
    char c;
    int isLowercaseVowel, isUppercaseVowel;

    do {
        printf("Enter an alphabet: ");
        scanf(" %c", &c);
    }
    // isalpha() returns 0 if the passed character is not an alphabet
    while (!isalpha(c));

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is a lowercase vowel
    isLowercaseVowel = (c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u');

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is an uppercase vowel
    isUppercaseVowel = (c == 'A' || c == 'E' || c == 'I' || c == 'O' || c == 'U');

    // evaluates to 1 (true) if either isLowercaseVowel or isUppercaseVowel is true
    if (isLowercaseVowel || isUppercaseVowel)
        printf("%c is a vowel.",c);
    else
        printf("%c is a consonant.",c);
    return 0;
}

❰ Previous Next ❱


C

Submit Your Thought, Tutorial, Articls etc.

Submit Your Information India's Number one online promotion website