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Java : String class methods

Tutorial by:Arena Buocel      Date: 2016-04-30 00:34:36

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The java.lang.String class provides a lot of methods to work on string. By the help of these methods, we can perform operations on string such as trimming, concatenating, converting, comparing, replacing strings etc.

Java String is a powerful concept because everything is treated as a string if you submit any form in window based, web based or mobile application.

Let's see the important methods of String class.

Java String toUpperCase() and toLowerCase() method

The java string toUpperCase() method converts this string into uppercase letter and string toLowerCase() method into lowercase letter.

String s="Sachin";  

System.out.println(s.toUpperCase());//SACHIN  

System.out.println(s.toLowerCase());//sachin  

System.out.println(s);//Sachin(no change in original)  

 

SACHIN

sachin

Sachin

Java String trim() method

The string trim() method eliminates white spaces before and after string.

String s="  Sachin  ";  

System.out.println(s);//  Sachin    

System.out.println(s.trim());//Sachin  

 

Sachin 

Sachin

Java String startsWith() and endsWith() method

String s="Sachin";  

System.out.println(s.startsWith("Sa"));//true  

System.out.println(s.endsWith("n"));//true  

 

true

true

Java String charAt() method

The string charAt() method returns a character at specified index.

String s="Sachin";  

System.out.println(s.charAt(0));//S  

System.out.println(s.charAt(3));//h  

 

S

h

Java String length() method

The string length() method returns length of the string.

String s="Sachin";  

System.out.println(s.length());//6  

 

6

Java String intern() method

A pool of strings, initially empty, is maintained privately by the class String.

When the intern method is invoked, if the pool already contains a string equal to this String object as determined by the equals(Object) method, then the string from the pool is returned. Otherwise, this String object is added to the pool and a reference to this String object is returned.

String s=new String("Sachin");  

String s2=s.intern();  

System.out.println(s2);//Sachin  

 

Sachin

Java String valueOf() method

The string valueOf() method coverts given type such as int, long, float, double, boolean, char and char array into string.

int a=10;  

String s=String.valueOf(a);  

System.out.println(s+10);  

Output:

1010

Java String replace() method

The string replace() method replaces all occurrence of first sequence of character with second sequence of character.

String s1="Java is a programming language. Java is a platform. Java is an Island.";    

String replaceString=s1.replace("Java","Kava");//replaces all occurrences of "Java" to "Kava"    

System.out.println(replaceString);    

Output:

Kava is a programming language. Kava is a platform. Kava is an Island.

 

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