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PostgreSQL : IS NULL Condition

Tutorial by:      Date: 2016-04-19 04:22:39

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This PostgreSQL tutorial explains how to use the PostgreSQL IS NULL condition with syntax and examples.

Description

The PostgreSQL IS NULL condition is used to test for a NULL value in a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement.

Syntax

The syntax for the IS NULL condition in PostgreSQL is:

expression IS NULL

Parameters or Arguments

expression

The value to test whether it is a NULL value.

Note

  • If expression is a NULL value, the condition evaluates to TRUE.
  • If expression is not a NULL value, the condition evaluates to FALSE.

Example - With SELECT Statement

Let's look at an example of how to use PostgreSQL IS NULL in a SELECT statement:

SELECT *

FROM employees

WHERE first_number IS NULL;

This PostgreSQL IS NULL example will return all records from the employees table where the first_name contains a NULL value.

Example - With INSERT Statement

Next, let's look at an example of how to use PostgreSQL IS NULL in an INSERT statement:

INSERT INTO contacts

(first_name, last_name)

SELECT first_name, last_name

FROM employees

WHERE employee_number IS NULL;

This PostgreSQL IS NULL example will insert records into the contacts table where the employee_number contains a NULL value.

Example - With UPDATE Statement

Next, let's look at an example of how to use PostgreSQL IS NULL in an UPDATE statement:

UPDATE employees

SET status = 'Not Active'

WHERE last_name IS NULL;

This PostgreSQL IS NULL example will update records in the employees table where the last_name contains a NULL value.

Example - With DELETE Statement

Next, let's look at an example of how to use PostgreSQL IS NULL in a DELETE statement:

DELETE FROM employees

WHERE employee_number IS NULL;

This PostgreSQL IS NULL example will delete all records from the contacts table where the employee_number contains a NULL value.

 

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PostgreSQL

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