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C++ : Check Whether a Number is Prime or Not

Tutorial by:Manisha Dubey      Date: 2016-06-18 04:23:17

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A positive integer which is only divisible by 1 and itself is known as prime number. For example: 13 is a prime number because it is only divisible by 1 and 13 but, 15 is not prime number because it is divisible by 1, 3, 5 and 15.

C++ program to Check Prime Number


/* C++ program to check whether a number is prime or not. */

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
  int n, i, flag=0;
  cout << "Enter a positive integer: ";
  cin >> n;
  for(i=2;i<=n/2;++i)
  {
      if(n%i==0)
      {
          flag=1;
          break;
      }
  }
  if (flag==0)
      cout << "This is a prime number";
  else
      cout << "This is not a prime number";
  return 0;
}

Output


Enter a positive integer: 29
This is a prime number.


Enter a positive integer: 12
This is not a prime number.

 

 
 

This program takes a positive integer from user and stores it in variable n. Then, for loop is executed which checks whether the number entered by user is perfectly divisible by i or not starting with initial value of i equals to 2 and increasing the value of i in each iteration. If the number entered by user is perfectly divisible by i then, flag is set to 1 and that number will not be a prime number but, if the number is not perfectly divisible by i until test condition i<=n/2 is true means, it is only divisible by 1 and that number itself and that number is a prime number.

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C++

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